Tarihin En Kapsamlı Soğuk Zincir Uygulaması: Koronavirüs (Covid-19) Aşısının Lojistiğinde Karşılaşılan Zorluklar
The Most Comprehensive Cold Chain Application in History: Challenges in Logistics of Covid-19 Vaccine
ÇEVİK Veli Ahmet
Yıl 2021, Sayı 12, Sayfalar:155-204
The coronavirus pandemic, one of the biggest pandemics of the last century, which emerged in Wuhan, China in the last months of 2019, continues to negatively affect life all over the world. The measures taken for the pandemic did not stop the spread of the disease and revealed medical requirements. Vaccines have been one of the most effective medical ways of preventing diseases. Vaccination studies for coronavirus disease started shortly after the emergence of the disease, and more than a hundred vaccine candidates were announced in about a year, and the distribution of those who passed the necessary stages was approved. However, the storage, transportation and distribution of some of these vaccines required very low temperatures below zero degrees, unlike the previous ones. The distribution and delivery of vaccines under these conditions has revealed the importance of cold chain logistics applications infrastructure. In this study, based on the priority issues of the World Health Organization in the logistics of vaccines, the potential difficulties that will arise in the production, allocation, distribution and application processes of coronavirus vaccines have been investigated.The data source of the study was the guidelines of the World Health Organization and various industry reports, which were secondary data previously revealed through primary research. Lack of cold chain infrastructure in storage and distribution activities, unequal distribution and anti-vaccination were found to be the biggest challenges facing vaccination activities.